What is a first-degree burn?
First-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, dry, and with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example. Long-term tissue damage is rare and usually consists of an increase or decrease in the skin color.
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What causes a first-degree burn?
In most cases, first-degree burns are caused by the following:
What are the symptoms of a first-degree burn?
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of a first-degree burn. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of a first-degree burn may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.
Treatment for first-degree burns:
Specific treatment for a first-degree burn will be determined by your child's physician, based on the following:
your child's age, overall health, and medical history
extent of the burn
location of the burn
cause of the burn
your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
your opinion or preference
First-degree burns usually heal on their own within a week. Treatment may depend on the severity of the burn and may include the following:
First-degree burns are usually not bandaged. Consult your child's physician for additional treatment for first-degree burns.